Manual Method of Installing Home Assistant in Raspberry Pi

There are number of ways available to run your own Home Assistant installation including downloading ready images comes Home Assistant pre-installed in it. Here we are discussing a manual method of installing Home Assistant in Raspberry Pi already running latest Raspbian OS in it.

Contents:


Manual Method of Installing Home Assistant in Raspberry Pi:

Step I: Installing the software dependencies:

  • Update the operating system.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade -y

  • Installing the dependencies such as python etc.

sudo apt-get install python3 python3-dev python3-venv python3-pip libffi-dev libssl-dev

  • Creating an user account for home assistant.

sudo useradd -rm homeassistant -G dialout,gpio,i2c

  • Creating directories for installation of home assistant.

cd /srv
sudo mkdir homeassistant
sudo chown homeassistant:homeassistant homeassistant

  • create and change to a virtual environment for Home Assistant.

sudo -u homeassistant -H -s
cd /srv/homeassistant
python3 -m venv .
source bin/activate

  • Install a required python package.

python3 -m pip install wheel


Step II: Installing & Running the Home Assistant:

  • Installing Home Assistant package.

pip3 install homeassistant

  • Running the Home Assistant.

hass

  • For the first time, hass command will download, install and cache the necessary libraries/dependencies which may take 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Once procedure is completed, you can reach the Home Assistant Web Interface at http://ipaddress:8123.

Step III: Auto Start Home Assistant on reboot:

  • Creating systemd service file for Home Assistant.

sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/hass.service

  • Paste the following contents in the Nano editor using Right mouse key.

[Unit]
Description=Home Assistant
After=network-online.target

[Service]
Type=simple
User=homeassistant
ExecStart=/srv/homeassistant/bin/hass

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

  • Save the file by pressing “CTRL” and “X” key. Editor will ask for the confirmation to save the file. Press “Y” key and hit “Enter”.
  • Reload systemd configuration.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

  • Enable hass  service to start at boot.

sudo systemctl enable hass

  • Starting hass  service

sudo systemctl start hass.service

 

Have Fun!

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